Endorsements

  • ENDORSEMENTS
  • Resources
  • Part 61
  • AC 61-65H Certification Pilots, Flight Instructors and Ground Instructors
  • AC 61-98, Currency and Additional Qualification Requirements for Certificated Pilots.
  • AC 61-107, Operations of Aircraft at Altitudes Above 25,000 Feet Mean Sea Level or Mach Numbers Greater Than .75.
  • FAA-G-8082-1, Airline Transport Pilot, Aircraft Dispatcher, and Flight Navigator Knowledge Test Guide.
  • FAA-G-8082-5, Commercial Pilot Knowledge Test Guide.
  • FAA-G-8082-7, Flight and Ground Instructor Knowledge Test Guide.
  • FAA-G-8082-17, Recreational Pilot and Private Pilot Knowledge Test Guide.
  • FAA Order 8710.3, Designated Pilot and Flight Engineer Examiner’s Handbook.
  • • FAA Order 8080.6, Conduct of Airman Knowledge Tests.
  • Definitions Part 61.1
  • Authorized instructor means
  • (i) A person who holds a ground instructor certificate issued under part 61 of this chapter and is in compliance with § 61.217, when conducting ground training in accordance with the privileges and limitations of his or her ground instructor certificate;
  • (ii) A person who holds a flight instructor certificate issued under part 61 of this chapter and is in compliance with §61.197, when conducting ground training or flight training in accordance with the privileges and limitations of his or her flight instructor certificate; or
  • (iii) A person authorized by the Administrator to provide ground training or flight training under FAR No. 58, or part 61, 121, 135, or 142 of this chapter when conducting ground training or flight training in accordance with that authority.
  • Definitions Part 61.1
  • Cross-country time means—
  • (i) Except as provided in paragraphs (b)(3)(ii) through (b)(3)(vi) of this section, time acquired during flight—
  • (A) Conducted by a person who holds a pilot certificate;
  • (B) Conducted in an aircraft;
  • (C) That includes a landing at a point other than the point of departure; and
  • (D) That involves the use of dead reckoning, pilotage, electronic navigation
  • aids, radio aids, or other navigation systems to navigate to the landing point.
  • Definitions Part 61.1
  • Cross-country time means—
  • (ii) For the purpose of meeting the aeronautical experience requirements (except for a rotorcraft category rating), for a private pilot certificate (except for a powered parachute category rating), a commercial pilot certificate, or an instrument rating, or for the purpose of exercising recreational pilot privileges (except in a rotorcraft) under § 61.101 (c), time acquired during a flight—
  • (A) Conducted in an appropriate aircraft;
  • (B) That includes a point of landing that was at least a straight-line distance of more than 50 nautical miles from the original point of departure; and
  • (C) That involves the use of dead reckoning, pilotage, electronic navigation aids, radio aids, or other navigation systems to navigate to the landing point.
  • Definitions Part 61.1
  • Flight training means that training, other than ground training, received from an authorized instructor in flight in an aircraft.
  • Ground training means that training, other than flight training, received from an authorized instructor.
  • Definitions Part 61.1
  • Knowledge test means a test on the aeronautical knowledge areas required for an airman certificate or rating that can be administered in written form or by a computer.
  • Practical test means a test on the areas of operations for an airman certificate, rating, or authorization that is conducted by having the applicant respond to questions and demonstrate maneuvers in flight, in a flight simulator, or in a flight training device.
  • Definitions Part 61.1
  • Set of aircraft means aircraft that share similar performance characteristics, such as similar airspeed and altitude operating envelopes, similar handling characteristics, and the same number and type of propulsion systems.
  • Prerequisites for Practical Tests
  • Except as provided by § 61.39(c), each applicant must have received an endorsement from an authorized instructor who certified that the applicant received and logged the required flight time/training in preparation for the practical test within 2 calendar months preceding the date of the test and has been found proficient to pass the practical test.
  • The endorsement must also state that the applicant has satisfactory knowledge of the subject areas in which he/she was shown to be deficient by the FAA airman knowledge test report, if required.
  • In addition the applicant must have 2 more endorsements for Aeronautical Knowledge and Flight Proficiency
  • Student Pilots
  • There are a total of 12 possible endorsements for student pilots (including the TSA endorsement)
  • Each endorsement must be legible and include the instructor’s signature, date of signature, certificated flight instructor (CFI) or certificated ground instructor (CGI) certificate number, and certificate expiration date, if applicable.
  • Student Pilots
  • TSA
  • Presolo aeronautical knowledge
  • Presolo flight training
  • Solo flight for make and model on the student pilot certificate (if paper)
  • Presolo flight training at night
  • Solo flight (1st 90 day period)
  • Solo flight (each additional 90 day period)
  • Solo takeoffs and landings at another airport within 25nm
  • Initial solo cross-country flight
  • Solo cross-country flight for category on the student pilot certificate (if paper)
  • Solo cross-country flight (planning review)
  • Repeated solo cross-country flights not more than 50nm
  • Solo flight in class B
  • Solo flight to, from or at an airport located in class B
  • Student Pilot Certificate
  • Student Pilot Endorsements
  • 3. Presolo aeronautical knowledge: § 61.87(b).
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has satisfactorily completed the presolo knowledge exam of § 61.87(b) for the (make and model aircraft).
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
  • This is also referred to as the pre-solo test
  • It may be generated by a CFI or a commercial company, like Jeppesen
  • Student Pilot Endorsements
  • 4. Presolo flight training: § 61.87(c).
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required presolo training in a (make and model aircraft). I have determined he/she has demonstrated the proficiency of § 61.87(d) and is proficient to make solo flights in (make and model aircraft).
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
  • Student Pilot Endorsements
  • 5. Presolo flight training at night: §§ 61.87(c) and 61.87(o).
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required presolo training in a (make and model aircraft). I have determined he/she has demonstrated the proficiency of § 61.87(o) and is proficient to make solo flights at night in a (make and model aircraft).
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
  • Student Pilot Endorsements
  • 6. Solo flight (first 90-day period): § 61.87(n).
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training to qualify for solo flying. I have determined he/she meets the applicable requirements of § 61.87(n) and is proficient to make solo flights in (make and model).
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-19
  • 7. Solo flight (each additional 90-day period): § 61.87(p).
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training to qualify for solo flying. I have determined he/she meets the applicable requirements of § 61.87(p) and is proficient to make solo flights in (make and model).
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
  • Student Pilot Endorsements
  • 8. Solo takeoffs and landings at another airport within 25 nm: § 61.93(b)(1).
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.93(b)(1). I have determined that he/she is proficient to practice solo takeoffs and landings at (airport name). The takeoffs and landings at (airport name) are subject to the following conditions: (List any applicable conditions or limitations.)
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
  • Student Pilot Endorsements
  • 9. Initial solo cross-country flight: § 61.93(c)(1 and 61.93 (c)(2).
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required solo cross-country training. I find he/she has met the applicable requirements of § 61.93, and is proficient to make solo cross-country flights in a (make and model aircraft), (aircraft category).
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
  • Student Pilot Endorsements
  • 10. Solo cross-country flight: § 61.93(c)(3).
  • I have reviewed the cross-country planning of (First name, MI, Last name). I find the planning and preparation to be correct to make the solo flight from (origination airport) to (origination airport) via (route of flight) with landings at (name the airports) in a (make and model aircraft) on (date). (List any applicable conditions or limitations.)
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
  • Student Pilot Endorsements
  • 11. Repeated solo cross-country flights not more than 50 nm from the point of departure: § 61.93(b)(2).
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training in both directions between and at both (airport names). I have determined that he/she is proficient of § 61.93(b)(2) to conduct repeated solo cross-country flights over that route, subject to the following conditions: (List any applicable conditions or limitations.)
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
  • Student Pilot Endorsements
  • 12. Solo flight in Class B airspace: § 61.95(a).
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.95(a). I have determined he/she is proficient to conduct solo flights in (name of Class B) airspace. (List any applicable conditions or limitations.)
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
  • Student Pilot Endorsements
  • 13. Solo flight to, from, or at an airport located in Class B airspace: §§ 61.95(a) and 91.131(b)(1).
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.95(a)(1). I have determined that he/she is proficient to conduct solo flight operations at (name of airport). (List any applicable conditions or limitations.)
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
  • Endorsements for Private
  • 1. Prerequisites for practical tests.
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received and logged training time within 2 calendar-months preceding the month of application in preparation for the practical test and he/she is prepared for the required practical test for the issuance of (applicable) certificate.
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-19
  • 2. Review of deficiencies identified on airman knowledge test 61.39 (a)(6)(iii) as required
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has demonstrated satisfactory knowledge of the subject areas in which he/she was deficient on the (applicable) airman knowledge test.
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-19
  • 32. Aeronautical knowledge test: §§ 61.35(a)(1), 61.103(d), and 61.105.
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training in accordance with § 61.105. I have determined he/she is prepared for the (name the knowledge test).
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
  • 33. Flight proficiency/practical test: §§ 61.103(f), 61.107(b), and 61.109.
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training in accordance with §§ 61.107 and 61.109. I have determined he/she is prepared for the (name the practical test).
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
  • Endorsements for Commercial
  • 1. Prerequisites for practical tests.
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received and logged training time within 2 calendar-months preceding the month of application in preparation for the practical test and he/she is prepared for the required practical test for the issuance of (applicable) certificate.
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-19
  • 2. Review of deficiencies identified on airman knowledge test 61.39 (a)(6)(iii) as required
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has demonstrated satisfactory knowledge of the subject areas in which he/she was deficient on the (applicable) airman knowledge test.
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-19
  • 34. Aeronautical knowledge test: §§ 61.35(a)(1), 61.123(c), and 61.125.
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.125. I have determined that he/she is prepared for the (name the knowledge test).
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
  • 35. Flight proficiency/practical test: §§ 61.123(e), 61.127, and 61.129.
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of §§ 61.127 and 61.129. I have determined he/she is prepared for the (name the practical test).
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
  • Endorsements for CFI
  • 1. Prerequisites for practical tests.
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received and logged training time within 2 calendar-months preceding the month of application in preparation for the practical test and he/she is prepared for the required practical test for the issuance of (applicable) certificate.
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-19
  • 2. Review of deficiencies identified on airman knowledge test 61.39 (a)(6)(iii) as required
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has demonstrated satisfactory knowledge of the subject areas in which he/she was deficient on the (applicable) airman knowledge test.
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-19
  • 41. Fundamentals of instructing knowledge test: §§ 61.183(d) and 61.185(a)(1).
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required fundamentals of instruction training of § 61.185(a)(1). I have determined that he/she is prepared for the Fundamentals of Instructing knowledge test.
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-19
  • 42. Flight instructor aeronautical knowledge test: § 61.183(f).
  • I certify that [First name, MI, Last name] has received the required training of § 61.185(a)[(2) or (3) (as appropriate to the flight instructor rating sought)]. I have determined that [he or she] is prepared for the [name of] knowledge test.
  • 43. Flight instructor ground and flight proficiency/practical test: §§ 61.183(g).
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.187(b). I have determined he/she is prepared for the CFI—(aircraft category and class) practical test.
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
  • 45. Spin training: § 61.183(i)(1).
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the required training of § 61.183(i). I have determined that he/she is competent in instructional skills for training stall awareness, spin entry, spins, and spin recovery procedures.
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
  • Endorsements for Flight Review
  • Completion of a flight review: §§ 61.56(a) and 61.56(c).
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name), (grade of pilot certificate), (certificate number), has satisfactorily completed a flight review of § 61.56(a) on (date).
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-19
  • Other Endorsements
  • 64. Completion of a phase of an FAA-sponsored pilot proficiency award program (WINGS): § 61.56(e).
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name), (grade of pilot certificate), (certificate number), has satisfactorily completed Level: (Basic/Advanced/Master, as appropriate), Phase No. ___ of a WINGS program on (date).
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-19
  • 66. To act as PIC in a complex airplane: § 61.31(e).
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name), (pilot certificate), (certificate number), has received the required training of § 61.31(e) in a (make and model of complex airplane). I have determined that he/she is proficient in the operation and systems of a complex airplane.
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
  • 67. To act as PIC in a high performance airplane: § 61.31(f).
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name), (pilot certificate), (certificate number), has received the required training of § 61.31(f) in a (make and model of high performance airplane). I have determined that he/she is proficient in the operation and systems of a high performance airplane.
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
  • Note as of 4/18 66 and 67 are no longer required for the CFI, but must be done for the Commercial
  • Other Endorsements
  • 68. To act as PIC in a pressurized aircraft capable of high altitude operations: § 61.31(g).
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name), (pilot certificate), (certificate number), has received the required training of § 61.31(g) in a (make and model of pressurized aircraft). I have determined that he/she is proficient in the operation and systems of a pressurized aircraft.
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
  • 69. To act as PIC in a tailwheel airplane: § 61.31(i).
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name), (pilot certificate), (certificate number), has received the required training of § 61.31(i) in a (make and model of tailwheel airplane). I have determined that he/she is proficient in the operation of a tailwheel airplane.
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
  • Other Endorsements
  • 70. To act as PIC of an aircraft in solo operations when the pilot does not hold an appropriate category/class rating: § 61.31(d)(2).
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the training as required by § 61.31(d)(2) to serve as a PIC in a (category and class of aircraft). I have determined that he/she is prepared to serve as PIC in that (make and model of aircraft).
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
  • 71. Retesting after failure of a knowledge or practical test: § 61.49.
  • I certify that (First name, MI, Last name) has received the additional (flight and/or ground, as appropriate) training as required by § 61.49. I have determined that he/she is prepared for the (name the knowledge/practical test).
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
  • 78. Review of a home study curriculum: § 61.35(a)(1).
  • I certify I have reviewed the home study curriculum of (First name, MI, Last name). I have determined he/she is prepared for the (name the knowledge test).
  • /s/ 2022 J. J. Jones 987654321CFI Exp. 12-31-05
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