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AVF 223 Instrument Course Introduction

You will need:
Instrument Flying Handbook FAA-H-8083-15B
Instrument Procedures Handbook FAA-H-8083-16
Weather Services Handbook AC-0045G
Aviation Weather AC 00-6A
Low Enroute Chart L-13, L-14
U.S. Terminal Publication Volumes NW-1 (Approach Plates)
AKT test prep book or software
C-23 POH (for the x-country stuff)

Grading and Attendance
The grading scale used by the aviation department listed on the syllabus
You will have 4 tests averaged for your score
All scores have to be above 70% or a retake above 70%
The first score is the score that goes into the grade book
All tests are cumulative
Attendance is mandatory, same as your first year classes
If you miss a class it must be made up
In order to be eligible for the endorsement for the AKT, you must be passing the class and obtain a passing grade on the final

The Instrument AKT
Statistically this is the hardest AKT you will take
Pass rate on this test is about 80%
That means 2 out of 10 fail this test
FAA expanded the test question bank in 2011
Made the test even harder
The FAA is keeping track of who fails

Why Get the Rating?
For you it’s pretty obvious
Almost all your professional flying is going to use your instrument skills
Congested airspace
Complicated airspace
Bad weather
Night flying

The Rating
Ok so you get your rating, are you ready to blast off into 200 and a ½?
Probably not
Just like with VFR, you need to establish your own personal minimums
Best to take a pilot friend on a VFR day and file IFR to a nearby airport for some practice approaches
If it gets too hairy you can always cancel IFR at anytime
You need both experience and confidence when flying IFR, this is a good way to get both
Nothing will put the fear of God into you as losing your situational awareness while staring at a solid white windscreen

What is IMC?
Instrument Meteorological Conditions
Categorical Outlooks
LIFR ceiling less than 500, vis less than 1 mile
IFR ceiling 500-1000, vis 1-3 miles
MVFR ceiling 1000-3000, vis 3-5 miles
VFR ceiling above 3000, vis above 5 miles
Anytime you’re in the clouds your in IMC conditions
When operating in less than 1000 and 3 in controlled airspace you must be on an IFR clearance or have a special VFR

Logging Instrument Time
You may log instrument time all that time while controlling the plane by sole reference to instruments
You have to be under dual instruction or
Have an appropriately rated safety pilot onboard
If you have your rating you may log instrument time, only that time you are IMC while solo or pic
You may log only the approaches you fly
You can’t log approaches you watch someone else fly, even in IMC

Instrument Currency
Once you have your rating you may not be PIC in unless you meet the recency requirements set forth in 61.57
What this means is, unless your current, you may not accept an IFR clearance

Instrument Currency
61.57 c
You must have performed and logged within the previous 6 months:
6 instrument approaches
Holding procedures and tasks
Intercepting and tracking courses through the use of navigational electronic systems

Instrument Currency
61.57 d
(d) Instrument proficiency check. Except as provided in paragraph (e) of this section, a person who does not meet the instrument experience requirements of paragraph (c) of this section within the 12 calendar months preceding the month of the flight may not serve as pilot in command under IFR or in weather conditions less than the minimums prescribed for VFR until having passed an instrument proficiency check that consists of the areas of operation and instrument tasks required in the instrument rating practical test standards.

Instrument Currency
In plain English please!
It amounts to a 6 month look back
If you have the prescribed experience within the past 6 months you’re current
If not, you have 6 months to get yourself current
If it’s been 12 months, you have to get an Instrument Proficiency Check (IPC) from a CFII

Instrument Currency
Pilot McDuffus gets his rating Jan 2014 and does no instrument flying at all
He is current for 6 months through June 2014
He has a 6 month window to get current himself from July to December
In January he has to now go get an IPC

Instrument CurrencyExample 2:
Pilot McDuffus gets his rating January 2014
He flies 3 approaches in March and tracking holding and 3 more approaches in May
When is his currency up?
If you said anything but September please change your name to McDuffus
The 6 month look back rule requires the approaches in March and May to be current
6 months forward from March puts it in September

Instrument Currency
Example 3:
Pilot McDuffus could not do his approaches in May IMC because it was VFR all month, so how did he do it?
Solo with the hood on is not a valid answer
He got his private pilot friend McDuffledorf (who is appropriately rated in the plane) to ride along and be safety pilot, while he did the approaches
Bonus question:
Who gets to log PIC time on this flight?
Answer: they both do

Instrument Currency
Example 4:
So Pilot McDuffus waits until August to go fly instruments is he current?
If he is not current can he accept an IFR clearance?
So how can he get himself current?
Instrument Currency
Example 4(still):
He may get McDuffledorf and go do the approaches in VFR conditions
He must request “VFR Practice Approaches” from ATC
Under the hood with a safety pilot in VFR conditions doing VFR Practice Approaches he has a 6 month window from July 1 to December’s end to get himself current this way
After December he has to get an IPC

The IPC must be given by a qualified CFII, a regular CFI can’t do it
The CFII will use the instrument practical test standards as a guide for what to cover on the ride
You must fly within the PTS standards to pass the IPC
At the successful conclusion, you will be given an endorsement in your logbook
Your currency clock starts ticking from that point on
The IPC may be given in VFR conditions while wearing the hood or actual IMC at the discretion of the CFII
You may log instrument time during that time you control the aircraft solely by reference to the instruments

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